Sustainability is the capability to equitably meet the vital human needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs by preserving and protecting the area’s ecosystems and natural resources.
Humanity and societies today face important challenges related to sustainability and these are expected to become more significant in the future.
Making societies and their development more sustainable requires the consideration of economic, social, environmental and other factors. Sustainability assessment tools are needed to evaluate how is the sustainability of a process or system, and how that is affected when a change is made. To account for all relevant factors, a comprehensive set of indicators is required, including both quantitative indicators which are measurable and practical and qualitative indicators where necessary. In this article, sustainability concepts and definitions are reviewed and the historical context for sustainability is briefly described. Then sustainability is discussed, focusing on its economic, environmental and social dimensions, and the related concept of sustainable development is examined. Issues related to sustainability are discussed throughout. Finally, assessment measures for sustainability are examined, and several applications are presented
This writing aims to discuss the challenges and issues associated with sustainable development policies. Economic growth cannot continue indefinitely without due consideration to natural resources. For growth to be sustainable there must be a balance between economic growth and protection of natural resources. Green growth strategy ensures that natural resources realize its full economic potential and is maintained by regular investments. The development of sustainable policies requires the appreciation that energy policies (for example, emissions standards and source of energy) and environmental policies (for example, environmental taxation) be considered in tandem by policy makers in order to achieve green growth. Hence, policies must be strategized and aimed towards green growth. In response to increasing environmental challenges, policy makers have begun on substantive policy reforms. However, for such policy reforms to be effective, it is critical that the utilization of natural resources is accounted for. This paper will demonstrate policy challenges and issues when environmental capital is offered explicit consideration in standard frameworks of macroeconomic analyses. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is used as a case study as it is the leading economy in the Gulf Cooperation Council with the highest level of carbon dioxide emissions and displays an increasing reliance on non-renewables for power production.
In 2002 Germany adopted an ambitious national sustainability strategy, covering all three sustainability spheres and circling around 21 key indicators. The strategy stands out because of its relative stability over five consecutive stellations, its high status and increasingly coercive nature. This article analyses the strategy’s role in the policy process, focusing on the use and influence of indicators as a central steering tool. Contrasting rationalist and constructivist perspectives on the role of knowledge in policy, two factors, namely the level of consensus about policy goals and the institutional setting of the indicators, are found to explain differences in use and influence both across indicators and over time. Moreover, the study argues that the indicators have been part of a continuous process of ‘structuring’ in which conceptual and instrumental use together help structure the sustainability challenge in such a way that it becomes more manageable for government policy.
The debate on the role of (scientific) knowledge in policy dates back to the end of World War II when researchers began to complain that decision makers were not using research results in a direct way for policy decisions. The common expectation was that knowledge would be used instrumentally, that the link between knowledge and policy was uni-directional and that high quality knowledge was necessary both for governing specific policy problems as well as for solving political controversy.
The assumption was of a rational decision making process: a view that is sometimes called the ‘problem-solving model.
In the 1970s and 1980s this rationalist-positivist view on knowledge utilisation was challenged by more constructivist strands of thought.
Sustainability policy is key because it create ways for long lasting solutions in tackling global issues which is phenomena to growth and development in any society and programs.
Concept review in this writing includes: Environmental Policy, Sustainability, Alternative Energy, Environmental Taxes, Eco-Development, Green Growth