The transparency of Climate change in Africa is, undebatably, evident. As much as Climate change is paramount and common to all continents; Africa is indeed peculiar in its own way because there is a general notion that the arduity experienced in adapting quickly to changes is tight. This notion, however true, is due to its past and incumbent leaders who have refused to do the needful to enhance proper adaptation to these inevitable changes.This piece will seek to reveal to us an understanding of what Climate change is in Africa, the negativity that ensues when some actions are carried out, thereafter, a few solutions will be proposed to tackle this general ‘enemy.’
Climate change are those variations that can occur or rather persist for a long period of time. These variations are the continuous rise in the average surface temperature on Earth and is, most times, usually caused by human activities. Such activities, can be argued to be vital to human existence as they are extremely essential; they are, however, harmful to the environment. A good example is the release of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide through the use of fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas)
One of the crucial things to note is that Africa’s heavy and continuous reliance on Oil and Gas has been a big blow that has duly affected our climate. The use of coal to generate energy, fuel to move vehicles, burning of gas, etc. Building of industries that emit much of these greenhouse gases are rampant due to industrialization and modernization. As much as these improvements have made life easy, most especially, on the issue of transportation and cooking, its adverse effects on the ozone layer may soon end the world. And when this happens, what will be the use of modernization? A balance should be made available.
Agriculture is another major sector that has not gotten much attention and thus affected Africa. This continent is a one that is so blessed with fruitful soil. It has, however, been abused and neglected. When planting seeds, many aids are being used and this has a great effect when consumed. The uneducatedness of our farmers and the inability to adapt to the different seasons we have — rain, heat and harmattan causes damage to crops. If we had more educated masses, the risk of the earth and plants especially during heavy rain can be curtailed.
In the aspect of health, Africa has failed greatly. Essentials such as clean environments, pure and edible water, balanced food have all suffered a great deal. A recent survey taken by WHO shows that by 2030 to 2050, if there are no proper reductions in these emissions and proper health systems, developing countries of which Africa holds majority will experience thousands of uncontrollable deaths due to various diseases such as malaria and diarrhea. For malaria, stagnant Waters, most especially in rural areas are still very much in abundance and the consumption of dirty water in constant practice. Something has to be done!
What is the way out? How well can we avoid such future disasters and improve our way of living? Firstly, all nations in Africa, most importantly, those at the tight end of this case, need to make a concession to fight this. Health policies that consider climate change objectives must be put in place and effectively monitored. For example, organisations who deal with sanitation should be consistently funded so as to reach out to more rural areas at least once a week. These organisations will in turn ensure that gutters are made and clean. They would provide sources of clean water such as boreholes, wells etc. More of these organisations should be established by the government as NGOs are limited in their capacity.
Another major solution to this is the pure planting of crops without addition of man made fertilizers. The government can encourage mini sized farming and implore citizens to plant trees in their various capacities. These trees will reduce the carbon dioxide as this is what they inhale and in turn give plenty of oxygen. Without this in practice, suffocation might be unavoidable which will in turn lead to lung problems and maybe death. Furthermore, scientists, who know better, should play the role of educating farmers and effective structures should be placed on market vulnerability and sustainable development to further avoid certain goods, especially perishable and seasonal from suffering.
Finally, let us diversify into green energy (renewable energy) and for this to be done, once again, the government is needed. Areas such as electricity air, transportation can get much benefits from sunlight, wind, rain, etc if properly renewed. These sectors (in Nigeria) are ones controlled by the Federal and State government and being a member of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) should be a vital stepping stone to greater heights.
This piece, has in its best capacity, explicated on the potray of climate change in Africa, the effects of the continual usage of fossil fuels and has proferred a few solutions.
©2020 – Providence_Wright
- “Climate change and health” https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/climate-change-and-health.
- “Climate change; causes, effects and facts” https://www.britannica.com/science/climate-change